Drafts Due for Workshop: September 20

Submission Date: September 25

For your first assignment, you drafted a narrative recounting a time when you made a decision or choice and the consequences of that decision or choice. Your next assignment will provide further practice in critical reading while introducing the skill of analysis and some elements of argument.

In that spirit, you can complete this assignment by choosing one of the following options:

Option #1 Chapter Analysis

For the first option, you will analyze one of the chapter’s in Forked.

The first important step for a rhetorical analysis of an argument is close and critical reading. I expect you to be very familiar with some of the steps involved in reading critically and actively. To that effect, you should interact closely with the text. I expect to see annotations in the margins of the argument you choose to analyze when we discuss each argument in class.

Your thesis statement will comment on the chapter’s rhetorical principles and presentation, contain your overall analysis and support for that judgment. Your overall support will be the criteria you develop and will be further supported by specific examples from the text of the book. However, you will not develop an argument concerning the topic of the chapter. An analysis of a written work is much different from a response to a written work. An analysis explains how and why something is presented the way in which it is presented. A response simply provides your reaction to what something says.

Your introduction should contain, among other things, the author’s name and the chapter you are analyzing. The paragraph after the introduction will be a summary of the chapter you will be analyzing that is no more than 150-words in length. You must include a word count of the summary paragraph at the end of the document. Then, you will begin your rhetorical analysis of the chapter by discussing how the chapter fits within the context of the book and considering specific rhetorical principles. We will introduce those principles in class. An adequately developed final draft will probably be a little over 1,000 words in length.


Option #2: Menu Analysis

For the second option, you will analyze a printed menu from a restaurant of your choice.

Most restaurant menus are designed not only to provide information about the food offered but also deliberately intended to communicate a specific image of the restaurant and even guide diners’ choices. For this option, you will find a restaurant menu and analyze what the menu is intended to communicate about the restaurant and how the menu guides diners’ choices to specific items.

Your introduction should contain, among other things, the name and location of the restaurant whose menu you are analyzing and your thesis sentence. Your thesis sentence will comment on the restaurant’s intended image as evident from the menu, including any leading items. Your body paragraphs will consider specific elements of the menu (colors, images, text, font, size, organization, shape, etc.) and how those elements contribute to the intended image as noted in the thesis sentence.

Develop this draft as a standard academic paper that includes an introduction with a thesis sentence, focused and unified body paragraphs, and a conclusion that effectively “wraps-up” the analysis. I expect completed drafts to be about 1,000 words long.

If you choose this option, I must approve of the menu that you will be analyzing before class on September 13. I will place a sticky note on the menu to confirm my approval.



After years of reading drafts in response to this assignment, here are some areas to consider closely as you draft and revise your analysis.

Thesis Statements: Make sure that your thesis sentence includes the elements of the argument that the draft analyzes and the conclusion(s) drawn from that analysis. It’s important that the conclusion be specific and explicit. You can expect the thesis sentence to be complicated and difficult to present clearly, so give yourself time to edit it. (CP)

Here is an effective thesis sentence in support of an argument analysis: “Malcolm Gladwell uses ethical and logical appeals effectively to present himself as a credible and trustworthy source with plenty of data to support his claims.”

Points (Conclusions): Many of the drafts that lack development are short, seem redundant, etc. do not include specific conclusions in the topic sentences (“point”) of the body paragraphs and/or rely on vague conclusion that did not provide any direction for the paragraph. (QT)

Specific Example: Similar (and perhaps as a result of) to the lack of specific conclusions in the topic sentences (“points”) of each body paragraph, a lot of drafts fail to adequately develop explanations for the examples provided. (QT)

Openings: Read the first sentence of your draft. Given a choice, would you continue reading? Be honest. If you don’t want to continue reading, you cannot expect your reader to want to continue reading. Interesting your reader is your responsibility as a writer, regardless of the topic of your draft. (CP/QT)

Editing and Proofreading: The more complicated the writing task, the more difficult it is to get our words from our brains to the draft. As we struggle, we tend to muddle our ideas and end up with exceptionally wordy and illogically structured sentences. As a result, the more trouble we have getting our ideas down, the more time we must spend editing and proofreading the draft. (LS)

1 comment for “Analysis

  1. Saba Alyahya
    September 20, 2018 at 9:57 pm

    Analysis of Chapter 3 of Forked: A New Standard for America Dining
    The book “Forked: A New Standard for America Dining” was written by the author Saru Jayaraman. The author as aforementioned is a renown co-founder as well as the Co-Director of the Restaurant Opportunities Centers United abbreviated as the ROC United. He is also a graduate of two schools that are; Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government and the Yale Law School. This work has made headlines in media notably the New York Times among other many not mentioned. Saru Jayaraman has used logical and ethical appeals through featuring of the case studies to examine unhealthy practices such as sexual harassment, discrimination, and difficulties in the upward mobility in the food industry. As such, the book has uncovered essential ideas about the economy as well as the history of the food industry and the manner in which it is linked to the people who offer service in most of the food establishments. The book also bears significant insights that demonstrate the evolution of the food industry particularly in the manner in which workers are paid. It has discussed the reasons that influence certain food establishments to pay workers below the minimum wages. Besides, the book also discourses a context of a food establishment that is associated with issues to do with sexual harassment, gender discrimination as well as racial disparity.
    In chapter three, there is a holistic description of the sound dining restaurants, a context that is aggravated by striking gender segregation as well as racial discrimination. The idea of both gender and race discrimination is highly unleashed in the chapter in the manner that it affects the Africans-Americans among other groups such as the Caucasians. In the same section, there is a statistical indication that provides first-hand evidence about the employees who are in the food industry. Besides, the article offers insights into the importance of staying to the goals and objectives of the course. A course that is established from perseverance and determination has the potentiality of influencing success in the food industry. Chapter 3 of the Forked have investigated deep through the matter of discrimination in the workplace. In essence, the book has revealed out how the Caucasians and the black alongside the Latinos have been discriminated against in the workplace. It has also given an example of a narration which involves the success of an alien who served in a position of a manager of a particular food establishment. In this narration, a great inspiration is directed to those immigrants who are victims of discrimination that through perseverance, hope and determination success may come their way. This chapter represents a wide-ranging aspect of the author’s format (220 words).
    This chapter provides a disposition of a resourceful presentation of the history and account of the restaurant services industry as well as the manner in which the workers in the food establishments were treated. In this course, injustices, as well as inequalities that take place among the workers in a restaurant business, has been highlighted to the most significant extent. As much as this is the case, I feel that the comparison of the high road and the low road comparisons seemed not fair. All the injustice instances uncovered in the book by the author represent slavery, unhealthy practices, corporate greed as well as the less concern for the other alien workers who are eligible to subsidization with the welfare to offer services in the America food industry.  It is essential to understand all workers regardless of race and gender are entitled to equal real wages, medical cover as well as vacations.
    In particular, the story narrated in the chapter about a successful and determined immigrant who served in the position of a manager is used by the author to shed more light on the importance of perseverance as a way to success. It also reflects on the significance of the low-paid workers who are resourceful in running and operating restaurants of all kinds in the food industry.  
    The author Saru Jayaraman has a new standpoint in the manner she perceives a couple of restaurants that touches on various aspects of the food industry. All of the disposition from wages, sick days, mobility as well as sexual aggravation represent a fascinating way in which one perceives such phenomena. In the chapter, we have been provided with the case studies that have distinguished between a sound and a bad restaurant. The author has provided names such as Chipotle, Starbucks as well as the Taco Bell to explain his premise in the chapter. In regards to Taco Bell, it has been acknowledged as a kind of the fast food eatery that is known to hire bad employees, do not train them and have provided poor sanitary conditions to its workers to the most significant extent.
    Conversely, Chipotle is provided as an example of a sound restaurant that has enhanced better wages, upward mobility and ideal atmosphere to its employees and clients. The most exciting part of this is that the data is not restricted to national chains. In this case, I have remained skeptic about the manner in which he categorizes both excellent and sound restaurants. The stance that justifies Chipotle as a good restaurant is in itself vague in my opinion. The author has failed to take account of the nasty scenarios that have consistently taken place in the same restaurant. Besides, she has not factored in the wage issues in the restaurant which has also led to the lawsuit. These are among the problems that have made me have a criticism of the book as well as the author’s approach.
    In summation, chapter three raised my attention to the issue of gender, race, wage discrimination and mobility in the restaurant business. It has issued ways in which a worker can achieve success as a result of working in the restaurant industry. Besides, the chapter has case studies that have backed up the main argument. However, there are instances that the author failed in providing more precise and clear elaborations about the case studies that reduced my understanding of the whole concept in the chapter.

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